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The Best Resources for the History of Subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118



How to Download the History of Subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118




If you are interested in learning about the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu, you may be looking for a PDF file that contains all the information you need. However, finding such a file online can be challenging, as there are many websites that offer fake or incomplete versions of the history. In this article, we will show you how to download the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118, which is a reliable and comprehensive source of historical knowledge.




history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in urdu pdf 118



What is the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118?




The history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118 is a document that covers the major events and developments that took place in the Indian subcontinent during this period. The document is written in Urdu, which is one of the official languages of Pakistan and a widely spoken language in India. The document is divided into 118 chapters, each focusing on a specific topic or theme related to the history of subcontinent. Some of the topics include:


  • The War of Independence of 1857, which was a rebellion against the British East India Company by Indian soldiers and civilians.



  • The British Raj, which was the rule of Britain over India from 1858 to 1947.



  • The social, cultural, economic, and political changes that occurred under British colonialism.



  • The rise of nationalism and resistance movements among various groups and regions in India.



  • The partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, which was the result of the demand for separate states by Muslims and Hindus.



  • The causes and consequences of the partition and its impact on millions of people.



The history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118 is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the history of this region and its people. It is also useful for students and teachers who need a reference material for their studies or assignments.


How to download the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118?




To download the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118, you need to follow these simple steps:


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  • Select the file that matches your query and click on the download button.



  • Wait for the file to be downloaded on your device. You may need to enter your email address or complete a survey to access the file.



  • Open the file with a PDF reader or viewer and enjoy reading the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu.



By following these steps, you can easily download the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118 and learn more about this fascinating period of history. You can also share this file with your friends or family who are interested in this topic.


What are the benefits of reading the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118?




Reading the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118 can have many benefits for you, such as:


  • It can enhance your knowledge and understanding of the historical events and processes that shaped the Indian subcontinent and its people.



  • It can improve your Urdu language skills and vocabulary, as you will encounter many words and expressions related to history and culture.



  • It can develop your critical thinking and analytical skills, as you will be able to compare and contrast different perspectives and interpretations of history.



  • It can inspire you to learn more about the history of subcontinent and other regions of the world, and to appreciate the diversity and complexity of human civilizations.



  • It can help you to appreciate your own heritage and identity, and to respect the heritage and identity of others.



Reading the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118 can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for anyone who is interested in history, culture, or language. You can also share this file with your friends or family who are interested in this topic.


How to read the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118?




To read the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118, you need to follow these simple tips:


  • Choose a comfortable and quiet place where you can focus on reading without distractions.



  • Set a goal for how much you want to read each day or each week, and stick to it.



  • Use a dictionary or a translator if you encounter any words or phrases that you do not understand.



  • Take notes or highlight the main points or facts that you find interesting or important.



  • Review what you have read periodically and try to summarize it in your own words.



  • Discuss what you have read with others who have read it or who are interested in it. You can also join online forums or groups where you can exchange ideas and opinions with other readers.



By following these tips, you can make the most out of reading the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 in Urdu PDF 118. You can also enjoy reading this file at your own pace and convenience.


What are the main events and developments in the history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947?




The history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 is a period of great change and transformation, marked by many events and developments that shaped the destiny of the region and its people. Some of the main events and developments are:


  • The Great Revolt of 1857, also known as the First War of Independence or the Sepoy Mutiny, which was a rebellion against the British East India Company by Indian soldiers and civilians. The revolt was sparked by various grievances, such as the introduction of new cartridges that violated religious beliefs, the annexation of Indian states, and the exploitation of Indian resources. The revolt was suppressed by the British with brutal force, and resulted in the end of the Company's rule and the establishment of direct British crown rule over India in 1858.



  • The emergence of Indian nationalism and reform movements, which were influenced by various factors, such as Western education, modern ideas, social and religious reforms, and anti-colonial resistance. Some of the prominent leaders and organizations that emerged during this period were Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj, Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna Mission, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh Movement, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Swaraj Party, Mahatma Gandhi and Indian National Congress, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Muslim League, Rabindranath Tagore and Bengal Renaissance, among others.



  • The partition of Bengal in 1905, which was a decision by Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India, to divide the province of Bengal into two parts: East Bengal and West Bengal. The partition was done on the basis of administrative convenience, but it was seen by many Indians as a deliberate attempt to weaken the Bengali nationalist movement and to create a rift between Hindus and Muslims. The partition sparked widespread protests and boycotts by Indians, who adopted the slogan "Bande Mataram" (I salute thee, Mother) as a symbol of their unity. The partition was annulled in 1911.



  • The First World War (1914-1918), which involved India as a part of the British Empire. India contributed significantly to the war effort by providing troops, resources, and finances. However, India did not gain any political or economic benefits from the war. On the contrary, India faced hardships such as inflation, taxation, famine, repression, and violence. The war also exposed the weaknesses and contradictions of British rule in India.



  • The Lucknow Pact of 1916, which was an agreement between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League to cooperate for achieving self-government for India within the British Empire. The pact was facilitated by Annie Besant and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The pact recognized the separate electorates for Muslims and gave them weightage in representation. The pact also demanded provincial autonomy and more Indian participation in central government.



  • The Home Rule Movement (1916-1918), which was a campaign for greater autonomy for India within the British Empire. The movement was led by Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The movement aimed to educate Indians about their rights and duties as citizens, to mobilize public opinion in favor of self-government, and to pressure the British government to grant reforms. The movement gained momentum after the Easter Rising in Ireland in 1916.



The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms (1919), which were a set of constitutional reforms introduced by Edwin Montagu, the Secretary of State for India, and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy of India. The reforms were based on the principle of "dyarchy", which divided the subjects of administration into two categories: reserved and transferred. The reserved subjects were under


  • The Rowlatt Act of 1919, which was a law passed by the British government that gave them the power to arrest and detain anyone suspected of sedition or anti-British activities without trial. The act was widely opposed by Indians, who saw it as a violation of their civil rights and liberties. The act led to widespread protests and demonstrations, which culminated in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre on April 13, 1919, when British troops under General Reginald Dyer opened fire on a peaceful gathering of unarmed civilians in Amritsar, killing hundreds and injuring thousands.



  • The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922), which was a mass civil disobedience campaign launched by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress against the British rule. The movement aimed to boycott British goods, institutions, services, and laws, and to promote self-reliance and national unity among Indians. The movement gained widespread support from various sections of Indian society, such as peasants, workers, students, women, and religious communities. The movement was suspended by Gandhi in 1922 after a violent incident at Chauri Chaura, where a mob of protesters killed 22 policemen.



  • The Simon Commission (1927-1930), which was a committee appointed by the British government to review the constitutional reforms of 1919 and to suggest further changes. The commission consisted of seven British members, led by Sir John Simon. The commission was boycotted by all Indian political parties, who resented the exclusion of any Indian representation. The commission faced protests and demonstrations wherever it went in India. The slogan "Simon go back" became popular among Indians.



  • The Nehru Report (1928), which was a report prepared by a committee of Indian leaders, headed by Motilal Nehru, the father of Jawaharlal Nehru. The report was a response to the challenge posed by Lord Birkenhead, the Secretary of State for India, who asked Indians to draft a constitution that would be acceptable to all parties. The report proposed a dominion status for India within the British Empire, with full responsible government at the centre and the provinces. The report also suggested a bill of rights, universal adult franchise, joint electorates, and safeguards for minorities.



  • The Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934), which was another mass civil disobedience campaign launched by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress against the British rule. The movement was triggered by the Salt March, which was a 240-mile march from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, led by Gandhi, to protest against the British monopoly and tax on salt. The marchers defied the law by making salt from sea water. The movement involved various forms of non-violent resistance, such as breaking salt laws, boycotting foreign cloth, refusing to pay taxes, picketing liquor shops, and courting arrest. The movement spread across India and involved millions of people from different walks of life.



  • The Round Table Conferences (1930-1932), which were three conferences held in London between the British government and various Indian leaders to discuss the future constitution of India. The first conference was attended by representatives of all Indian parties except the Congress, which was boycotting it due to the ongoing civil disobedience movement. The second conference was attended by Gandhi as the sole representative of the Congress, along with other Indian leaders. The third conference was attended by only a few Indian leaders. The conferences failed to reach any agreement on the key issues of communal representation, provincial autonomy, and safeguards for minorities.



The Government of India Act of 1935


Conclusion




The history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 is a rich and complex story of struggle, change, and achievement. It is a story of how the people of the subcontinent resisted colonial domination, fought for their freedom, and shaped their own destiny. It is also a story of how the subcontinent witnessed the rise and fall of empires, the emergence and diversity of cultures, the transformation and development of economies, and the creation and partition of nations. The history of subcontinent from 1857 to 1947 is a story that deserves to be read, understood, and appreciated by all.


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